Dr. Jaffe is the CEO of Health Level 7. Previously, he was the Senior Global Strategist for the Digital Health Group at Intel Corporation, Vice President of Life Sciences at SAIC and the Director of Medical Informatics at AstraZeneca Pharmaceuticals. He completed his medical training at Johns Hopkins and Duke Universities, and was a post-doctoral fellow at the National Institutes of Health and at Georgetown University. Formerly, he was President of InforMed, an informatics consultancy for research informatics. Over his career, he has been the principal investigator for more than 200 clinical trials, and has served in various leadership roles in the American Medical Informatics Association. He has been a board member on leading organizations for information technology standards, and served as the chair of a national institutional review board. Currently he holds an appointment in the Department of Engineering at Penn State University. He has been the contributing editor for several journals and has published on a range of subjects, including clinical management, informatics deployment, and healthcare policy.